(China-230) December 16, 2018 – What happened to people who cheated in their research in China?


PERSONAL NOTE: DURING MY 7 years as a visiting professor in China, I was very disturbed when I realized most Chinese teachers and professors in college did not care about Plagiarism by students in their research papers or essays. I believe at the time, they were not trained to detect or suspect students plagiarizing in their essays…there is software to help you detect that…anyway, there was a female foreign teacher from Europe who became the advocate to punish students who would dare plagiarize…and most students hated her! Since I did not require students to do research or writing essays, I did not have to face that problem. So now we are confronted with cases of professors or doctorate students who are caught plagiarizing in China…read another article below about a phd student in a distinguished university in China and what the school did to him when they discovered he had plagiarized in his papers! steve, usa, december 16, 2018   stephenehling@hotmail.com      blog – https://getting2knowyou-china.com


Chinese sociology professor under fire for plagiarising academic papers
• Nanjing University sociologist Liang Ying has had more than 130 papers published, but at least 15 of them were fraudulent, reports say
• Academic also criticised for her lackadaisical attitude to teaching, including letting her father take her class
15 December, 2018 Zhuang Pinghui scmp
A sociology professor known for publishing scores of academic papers in both English and Chinese has been removed from her teaching post by Nanjing University for professional misconduct, according to a statement issued by her employer.
Liang Ying, who is on the faculty of the School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, became the subject of several media reports in October accusing her of plagiarising other people’s work or submitting duplicate manuscripts of at least 15 of her papers. The university said at the time it would investigate the allegations.
In its latest statement, the school said that Liang had “academic ethics and other moral problems” and described her violations as “serious”.
It also said it had “instructed relevant departments … to undertake deep self-reflection and serious self-criticism, and take practical measures to prevent such incidents from happening again”.
Most Chinese scientists write academic papers to get promoted, survey finds
Liang, 39, joined Nanjing University in 2009 – where she had earlier completed her doctorate – after gaining a master’s degree from Suzhou University, and doing her postdoctoral research at Peking University and the University of Chicago.
In 2015 she was awarded a place on the Changjiang Scholars Programme, a prestigiousawardscheme set up by the Ministry of Education.

By the time she joined Nanjing, the then 30-year-old had already had more than 30 papers published. Between 2009 and 2014 she managed to get a further 60 Chinese-language papers intoprint, and in the years after 2014 had 43 English-language papers published, according to the university’s website.
Despite her prolificacy, investigators discovered that in some instances her work had been either plagiarised or submitted to more than one publication, with only minor changes, China Youth Daily said in a recent report.
Chinese military warns against forged data and plagiarism in science and technology research
The article said that before her dismissal, Liang had since 2014 been asking online publishers to take down her Chinese-language papers on the grounds that her early work was fundamentally flawed.
Her efforts paid off as she succeeded in having more than 120 documents removed from an academic database. She also earned the nickname Professor 404, in reference to the 404 error message displayed online when a webpage cannot be found.
Aside from the allegations of cheating, Liang was also criticised by her students for her lack of commitment and lackadaisical attitude.
Tsinghua University says it revoked PhD after blog reveals plagiarism and misconduct
According to the newspaper report, the entire student body of her school signed a letter to the university’s administrators complaining about her misconduct as a teacher, including showing up late for lectures, and allowing other students – and sometimes even her father – take the class.
Other students accused Liang of leaving class early, playing with her phone during lectures and threatening to give them low grades if they scored her poorly in their reviews of her.
The university also received complaints about controversial remarks Liang was said to have made in class, including insensitive comments about the “comfort women” who were forced into sexual slavery by the Japanese during their occupation of China in the 1930s and 1940s, the report said.
In another instance, she is said to have boasted about using harrowing videos to trigger distressing memories in survivors of the 1937 Nanking massacre, it said.
Liang defended the research saying she used it to show how traumatic memories had a persistent impact on those areas of the brain thatcontrol


Tsinghua University says it revoked PhD after blog reveals plagiarism and misconduct
• University made the decision a year ago but only announced it after ‘image manipulation, duplication and deceptive authorship’ was exposed in report
• Student’s supervisor also lost his position at the Shenzhen school
22 October, 2018 Mandy Zuo scmp

Tsinghua University has announced, a year after it made the decision, that it revoked a doctorate because of data manipulation and other misconduct by a student whose papers were retracted from international journals.
The prestigious university in Beijing said in a statement on Sunday that Ye Xiaoxin had been stripped of his doctorate after his misconduct was uncovered.
In some papers, Ye – whose doctorate was from the university’s Graduate School at Shenzhen in 2015 – was found to have “self-plagiarised, duplicated images and fabricated results”, the statement said, after an influential blog revealed that 11 papers he authored had been retracted.
Chinese military warns against forged data and plagiarism in science and technology research
The university said that Ye – who began the doctoral programme in materials science and engineering in 2010 – had been the subject of an internal investigation and that his misconduct had been discovered in January last year.
It cancelled his doctorate three months later, a move that was announced within the university.
Five months on, his supervisor, Tang Guoyi, could no longer take on postgraduate students and lost his position as deputy head of the new materials department because of dereliction of duty, the university said. Tang continued to work for the university after the penalties were announced but has now retired.
The statement followed allegations on Friday by Retraction Watch – which reports on scientific papers being retracted – that a group of materials scientists in China had 11 papers retracted from journals for misconduct including “image manipulation, duplication and deceptive authorship”.
“One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Reuse of any data should be appropriately cited … The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process,” reads one retraction statement related to one of Ye’s papers published in Materials Science and Engineering C, an Elsevier title.
Tang’s name appears on all of the articles in question, according to the Retraction Watch report.
Academic fraud has frequently been in the headlines over the past decade, but researchers say investigation and penalties have been inadequate.
“Many institutions would see this as dirty laundry that they’d prefer to keep to themselves. And for many academics, this is more a matter ofluckbecause many cases of plagiarism aren’t discovered,” said Zhu Tingshao, from the Institute of Psychology at the China Academy of Sciences.
“I don’t think Tsinghua would have made a public statement if this hadn’t been disclosed by the media,” Zhu said. “Even with this statement, we can’t tell if the people involved were really punished.”
He added that academic misconduct was rampant in China because the penalties were so low that they were not a deterrent.
China to crack down on fraud in scandal-hit scientific research amid ZTE wrangle
In a study of misconduct cases involving 64 academics reported by mainland media since the mid 1990s, 24 of them received no punishment at all, according to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. And for 10 of the 24 who were not punished, there was no investigation, it said in a report last month.
A key problem at Chinese universities is that there is no system to proactively reduce academic cheating – instead, they tend to take action in response to scandals, Zhu said.
In contrast, the world’s top universities usually have a system in place toaddressthe issue.
“Take the recent Harvard case – the university voluntarily launched an investigation,” Zhu said, referring to Harvard’s recent decision to retract 31 papers by a former laboratory director.
Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital jointly notified a number of medical journals after they found the lab of Piero Anversa, who studied cardiac stem cells, used “falsified and/or fabricated data” in its papers, Retraction Watch said in another report last week.
Anversa and his colleagues claimed they had identified stem cells that could regenerate heart tissue, which various research teams failed to reproduce, raising doubts about the results and leading to an investigation by Harvard.
Why do so many Chinese study abroad, when local universities are already among the world’s best?
While the Tsinghua scandal may dent the university’s reputation, Zhu did not expect it to have a big impact on its rankings because they are mainly based on research achievements.
Chinese universities have generally risen in the international rankings in recent years. As the nation’s best university in science, Tsinghua has gone from a global position of 48th in 2012 to 17th in the latest QS World University Rankings. Peking University, another top higher education institution in China, climbed from 44th in 2012 to 30th.
Meanwhile, the National University of Singapore lost the mantle of Asia’s top college to Tsinghua this year, the first time a Chinese institution has claimed the region’s top position in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.


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