SPECIAL NOTE: You will never understand why educated, urban, sophisticated women in China are not Keen to have another child, 2nd or 3rd! You have to live in urban cosmopolitan cities in China, like in Chengdu, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenshen (we call them First Tier Cities), for you to understand why some of these women are not eager to have another child: too crowded for comfort living in small cages in China, too expensive to raise another child, too busy with pursuing for survival for many, too used to one child for 4 decades or so, the Norm, and too used to a good life of freedom and individualism for too long, now! Yes, you have to understand China, the modern China, to appreciate why many women are not persuaded to have another child…China will suffer now the consequences of their one-child policy, adopted at a time when many would have starved to death because China was not equipped in the late 70s and early 80s to feed the million mouths, the result of Mao’s failed economic policies to propel China to a self-sufficient nation! Steve, USA, September 7, 2018 firstname.lastname@example.org
Shanghai women balk at third child
By HE QI/LIN SHUJUAN | China Daily | 2018-09-06
While convincing Chinese women－especially career women－to have a second child is challenging, persuading one to have a third is virtually certain to be met with a cold shoulder.
A recent survey of more than 1,000 women over 18 in Shanghai found that for 75 percent of them having a third child is simply “out of the question”.
Conducted by the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Social Science, the survey was designed to get a glimpse of the concerns of women in the city on personal development, family and social life. Just 1.3 percent of interviewees said they already had three children, the survey found; 2.4 percent said they would like to have a third child if policy allowed; and 21.3 percent were undecided.
“Career or life? This has become a difficult question for most parents born in the 1980s when it comes to the decision about having another child,” said Zheng Zhenzhen, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Population and Labor Economics, who specializes in child research in China.
According to Zheng, parents born in the 1980s and 1990s have the most potential for having a second child, since many born in the 1960s and 1970s, despite their willingness, have to give up the idea because of age.
However, it’s a difficult decision for parents born in the 1980s because most of them have reached their busiest life stage－being breadwinners and parents of school-age children and having elderly parents.
The surveys indicated that society has yet to nurture an environment conducive to raising more children, Zheng said.
This is especially true when it comes to women, according to He Fang, an associate research fellow at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences’ Institute of Social Science.
“While today’s women are more educated and have career development prospects that are comparable or similar to those of their male counterparts, our social expectations of their family role as caregivers for children has remained the same as it was decades ago when women’s duties were mainly confined to the home,” He said.
Chinese parents have been lukewarm about the universal second-child policy, which was introduced in 2016 to help reverse the decline in the country’s working-age population.
However, the number of newborns in 2017 dropped by 630,000 from the previous year, which indicates that the second-child policy did not have the expected impact.
This has resulted in growing expectations that the country might soon loosen its family-planning policy again.
However, some argue that if the universal second-child policy has failed to boost public morale to produce more children, a third-child policy won’t be a magic solution.
Li Mengqian, 27, mother of a 4-year-old, said making a decision on whether to have a second child is already difficult, let alone thinking about a third.
“I don’t want to be replaced because of pregnancy while I have a satisfying job,” Li said. “Also, raising a child is simply too costly.”
“Two kids are my limit,” Li said.